Can Parathyroid Disease Cause Hair Loss

Can Parathyroid Disease Cause Hair Loss?

The parathyroid glands are four small glands located behind the thyroid gland in the neck. These glands produce parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. Parathyroid disease occurs when these glands produce too much or too little PTH, which can lead to a variety of health problems, including hair loss.

How Parathyroid Disease Can Cause Hair Loss

The excessive production of PTH (hyperparathyroidism) can lead to an imbalance of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. This imbalance can disrupt the normal hair growth cycle, leading to hair loss. Additionally, hyperparathyroidism can also increase the production of thyroid hormones, which can further contribute to hair loss.

Symptoms of Parathyroid Disease

In addition to hair loss, parathyroid disease can cause a variety of other symptoms, including:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Muscle pain
  • Bone pain
  • Kidney stones
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Diagnosis of Parathyroid Disease

Parathyroid disease is diagnosed based on a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging tests. Blood tests can measure the levels of PTH, calcium, and phosphorus in the blood. Imaging tests, such as X-rays and CT scans, can help identify parathyroid tumors or enlarged parathyroid glands.

Treatment of Parathyroid Disease

The treatment of parathyroid disease depends on the underlying cause. In cases of hyperparathyroidism, surgery is often the preferred treatment option. Surgery can remove the parathyroid tumors or enlarged glands and restore normal PTH levels. In cases of hypoparathyroidism, treatment typically involves taking calcium and vitamin D supplements.

Preventing Hair Loss from Parathyroid Disease

There is no sure way to prevent hair loss from parathyroid disease. However, early diagnosis and treatment of the disease can help to minimize the risk of hair loss. Additionally, following a healthy diet and lifestyle can help to promote healthy hair growth.